七招给论文起个【规范+响亮+有逼格】的标题

作者:博鱼体育app官方入口发布时间:2021-11-21 00:40

本文摘要:怎样给自己的论文起个好的标题?——要响亮,眼过能留意——要逼格,不惊人不休——但也要规范,要同行能很容易地分类与定位该文的孝敬点在哪因此,最近在学习英文写作。从标题开始。想想自己读的一些文章……总结了一下,或许7种吧。

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怎样给自己的论文起个好的标题?——要响亮,眼过能留意——要逼格,不惊人不休——但也要规范,要同行能很容易地分类与定位该文的孝敬点在哪因此,最近在学习英文写作。从标题开始。想想自己读的一些文章……总结了一下,或许7种吧。

1.对立对话2.诊断评估3.整合取向4.脉络梳理5.引介架接6.简练纯逼格7.人物志式1.对立对话1.1 批判式对立(1)Archer,Margaret S. 1982. “Morphogenesis versus Structuration: On Combining Structureand action.” The British Journal of Sociology.(2)King,Anthony. 1999. “Against Structure: A Critique of Morphogenetic Social Theory.” The Sociological Review 47 (2): 199–227.(3)Piiroinen,Tero. 2014. “For ‘Central Conflation’: A Critiqueof Archerian Dualism.” Sociological Theory 32 (2): 79–99. (4)Wan,Poe Yu-ze[万毓泽]. 2011. “Emergence À La Systems Theory: Epistemological Totalausschluss or OntologicalNovelty?” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2): 178–210.解读:批判即对立刻无息争。批判可以有防守型,好比Pirroinen,也可以是进攻型,好比King,还可以是疑问式,好比Wan。正如Wan用的problematizing,这类多通过一种intervention,打掉一个已经接受的“知识”,好比Archer认为Gidden是CentralConflation,许多人接受了。

而Luhmann又被广为接受,却又以Bunge来介入了。命名:常见的是A Critique of + 自己的态度中的关键词,或者直接来个vs.吧。

1.2 转换式对立(1)Reed,Isaac. 2008. “Justifying Sociological Knowledge: From Realism to Interpretation.” Sociological Theory 26 (2): 101–29.(2)Hirschman,Daniel, and Isaac Reed. 2014. “Formation Stories and Causality in Sociology.” Sociological Theory 32 (4): 259–82.解读:Reed的好几篇,都是From…to…最显着的是第一篇。摆得清,如Reed2008先列Realism,再用Interpretation来品评。这一类与上面1.2会很靠近,可是在批判他人文本的占比上会有些区别。

命名:从半殖民地半封建社会到社会主义社会,不要跳跃太多哦~1.3 比力式对话(1)Liu,Sida[刘思达], and Mustafa Emirbayer. 2016. “Field and Ecology.”Sociological Theory 34 (1): 62–79.(2)Wang,Yingyao[王颖曜]. 2016. “Homology and Isomorphism: Bourdieu in Conversation with New Institutionalism.” The British Journal of Sociology 67 (2): 348–70.解读:虽然与Wan都是有两个关键词在标题中,但较于Wan的Intervention,此类更平和,不仅会用conversation,而且两个关键词自己往往相近,好比刘思达和王颖曜都是从field and ecology, homology andisomorphism之间的亲近性出发,再谈其中的分歧,再进入对话。命名:直接找本社会学词典(Oxford的好比),找近义词,两两拉出来,就是一篇了。

2.诊断评估(1)Wallerstein,Immanuel. 2000. “From Sociology to Historical Social Science:Prospects and Obstacles.” The British Journal of Sociology 51 (1): 25–35.(2)Opp,Karl-Dieter. 2013. “What Is Analytical Sociology? Strengths and Weaknesses of a New Sociological Research Program.” SocialScience Information52 (3): 329–60.(3)Zelditch,Morris. 1992. “Problems and Progress in Sociological Theory.”SociologicalPerspectives 35 (3): 415–31.解读/命名:不用多读了,正反两方面。3.整合取向(1)Heiskala,Risto. 2014. “Toward Semiotic Sociology: A Synthesis of Semiology, Semiotics and Phenomenological Sociology.” Social ScienceInformation 53 (1): 35–53.(2)Stryker,Robin. 1996. “Beyond History Versus Theory: Strategic Narrative andSociological Explanation.” Sociological Methods & Research 24 (3):304–352.(3)Alwin, D. F. “Integrating Varietiesof Life Course Concepts.” The Journals ofGerontology Series B, no. 2 (March 1, 2012): 206–20.解读/命名:常见的是Toward, beyond,integrating——把看似冲突地并在一起,让人以为——我擦,其实不冲突,可以合在一起讲。

好比Stryker(1996)是回应90s初的历史学与社会学间对立关系的争论,认为Narrative和explanation没法整合在一起。Moore(2011)把reproduction和event(=structuraltransformation)搞在了一起。

4.脉络梳理4.1 共时的脉络(1)Karakayali,Nedim. 2015. “Two Ontological Orientations in Sociology: Building Social Ontologies and Blurring the Boundaries of the ‘Social.’” Sociology 49 (4): 732–47.(2)Elliott,Anthony, and Bryan S. Turner. 2015. “Three Versions of the Social.”Journal of Sociology 51 (4): 812–26.(3)Porpora,Douglas V. 1989. “Four Concepts of Social Structure.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (2): 195–211.解说/命名:一目了然,文章中就是说有几种类型,各有哪些特点。不用多说了。但可以有主有次(如Leistle)、有人有己,从而把综述式写成original article。

可以直接在标题上写出几个维度(如简练),也可以只说数字。主体内容,一般就是一种approach一个部门,最后有自己的看法,固然也可以成列联表(像Karakayali)4.2 历时的梳理(1)Kohli,Martin. 2007. “The Institutionalization of the Life Course: Looking back to Look Ahead.” Research in Human Development4 (3–4): 253–271.(2)Riley,Matilda White. 1994. “Aging and Society: Past, Present, and Future.” The Gerontologist 34 (4): 436–446.解说/命名:综述的一种。作为正常的paper,似乎没见过用这种瞻前顾后的命名。5.引介架接(1)Jindra, Ines W. 2014. “Why American Sociology Needs Biographical Sociology—European Style.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (4): 389–412.(2)Franzosi, Roberto. “Narrative Analysis-Or Why (And How) Sociologists Should Be Interested in Narrative.” Annual Review of Sociology 24 (1998): 517–54.解说/命名:标题中充满了张力。

好比美国和欧洲、叙事/社会学、并以一种吸收人/惊讶的方式毗连,关键在于第三点:why and how ..should be interested in..是重要性的问题。命名往往一生一熟,毗连用need, and, as6.简练纯逼格6.1 甩你一脸问号!(1)Emirbayer,Mustafa, and Ann Mische. 1998. “What Is Agency?” American Journal ofSociology 103 (4): 962–1023.(2)Bunge,Mario. 2004. “How Does It Work? The Search for Explanatory Mechanisms.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2): 182–210.解读:能在标题中直接用问号,说明这必是个简练的问号!问题越简朴,标题越深刻,不信你看上面这两篇就知道了。

说明作者有自信要去挑战一些简练的深刻。命名:What, Where, How, When……..?6.2 宣言(1)Emirbayer,Mustafa. 1997. “Manifesto for a Relational Sociology.”AmericanJournal of Sociology 103 (2): 281–317.(2)Wagner-Pacifici,Robin. 2015. “A Manifestion for a Quantum Sociology of Events.” Divinatio,no. 39–40: 49–60.解读:这种标题的不多。

以后自己希望能很自信地写篇这样标题的文章吧!!命名:宣言+自己创见(作为一个的新的理论研究纲要)6.3 堆大词(1)Bunge,Mario. 1997. “Mechanism and Explanation.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences27 (4): 410–65.(2)Ermakoff,Ivan. 2015. “The Structure of Contingency.” American Journal of Sociology121 (1): 64–125.(3)Gorski,Philip S. 2016. “The Matter of Emergence: Material Artifacts and SocialStructure.” Qualitative Sociology 39 (2): 211–15.(4)Sewell,William H. 1992. “A Theory of Structure: Duality, Agency, and Transformation.” American Journal of Sociology 98 (1): 1–29.解读:标题敢放一个大词就不得了了,你还敢放这么多…在这种标题中,往往其实是有主有附,好比Bunge想讲的是mechanism,但要另一个大词,explanation提供脉络支持。Sewell1992之所以牛逼,你看他的标题就知道有几多大词了(其实他的摘要更简练的牛逼。)命名:想好脉络式大词(陈旧)和关键词式大词(新颖),用of或冒号搭配。

7.人物志式7.1 脉络在人物中:以韦伯为例(1)Guzmán,Sebastián G. 2015. “Substantive-Rational Authority:The Missing Fourth Pure Type in Weber’s Typology of Legitimate Domination.” Journalof Classical Sociology 15 (1): 73–95.(2)Kalberg,Stephen. 1980. “Max Weber’s Types of Rationality:Cornerstones for the Analysis of Rationalization Processes in History.” AmericanJournal of Sociology85 (5): 1145–1179.(3)布鲁默:Azarian,R. (2017). Joint Actions, Stories and Symbolic Structures: A Contribution to Herbert Blumer’s ConceptualFramework. Sociology51, 685–700.解说:以韦伯+missing为标题的有好些。这种命名法一般适用于韦伯学这种实在是大家中大家。“韦伯学”原来就是一个脉络,因而能说清楚韦伯文本中的missing/type,挑战“韦伯式知识”(理性、权威),就很了不起了。不外,需要提醒的是,这种类型往往要注意新看法与老文本之间的融贯性——光品评是没用的,还要证明老文本中已有表示。

命名:人名’s 或者 in 人名7.2 人物在脉络中:以福柯为例(1)Lemke,Thomas. 2015. “New Materialisms: Foucault andthe ‘Government of Things.’” Theory, Culture & Society 32 (4): 3–25.(2)Olssen,Mark. 2008. “Foucault as Complexity Theorist: Overcoming the Problems of ClassicalPhilosophical Analysis.” Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (1):96–117.(3)Sayer,Andrew. 2012. “Power, Causality and Normativity: A Critical Realist Critique of Foucault.” Journal of Political Power 5(2): 179–94.(4)塔尔德 King,Anthony. 2016. “Gabriel Tarde and Contemporary Social Theory.”Sociological Theory 34 (1): 45–61.解说:之前阅读福柯与批判实在论关系的文章中,有好些以“as”为标题的论文。福柯如此盛名,作品又不少,议题又广。

厥后人很容易介入其中,按需而为,自己找个自己喜欢的脉络,好比批判实在论、新物质主义,然后从福柯中找到能插入其中,建设“旧人物—新脉络”之中的融贯性。不外,如果你不喜欢这小我私家物,会搞起来感受很无聊~~,因为套路感很强,而且永远证明不完。命名:出现出旧人物(如Foucault/Tarde)+ and /as/critique of + 新脉络(如New Materialisms/Complexity/ ANT)7.3 多人物团结写作:Beyond(1)Lizardo,Omar. 2010. “Beyond the Antinomies of Structure: Levi-Strauss, Giddens,Bourdieu, and Sewell.” Theory and Society 39 (6): 651–88.doi:10.1007/s11186-010-9125-1.(2)Elder-Vass,D. (2007) 'Reconciling Archer and Bourdieu in an Emergentist Theory ofAction'. Sociological Theory,25:4, 325-46. ——参考摘要固然不能忘了Beyond…似乎在中文社会学界,不太会标题上泛起一连串的人物。

我认为这是很惋惜的一件事。如果有本事在标题上泛起像Omar Lizardo这样的【学术自信】,我相信是好事。


本文关键词:七招,给,论文,起个,【,规范,响亮,有,逼格,】,博鱼体育app官方入口

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